Cases a Juvenile Crime Lawyer Can Handle

All fifty states have a specific court that only deals with minors
who have been charged with violating the law. These courts are known as
juvenile courts, however, they work differently than other courts who
deal with criminal law. When a minor breaks the law, they are not
considered to have committed a crime as a legal adult would have, but
rather to have committed delinquency.

Some aspects between criminal law and juvenile law
run the same. A prosecutor must file a civil petition, which officially
charges the minor with violating the law. Just like in criminal cases, a
minor can have a lawyer to represent them. In this case, the lawyer
would be a Los Angeles juvenile crime lawyer.

If these charges
can be proved, the juvenile court then has to do what it seems best for
the juvenile. In this way, the juvenile court can hold legal authority
over the minor for a specified amount of time. Once the minor becomes an
adult, he or she may be either kept under the supervision of the
juvenile court, or transferred to a criminal court.

Juvenile Court Cases

There are three common juvenile cases that Los Angeles juvenile crime
lawyers have to handle. The first is juvenile delinquency cases, which
are cases that deal with minors who have committed crimes. In other
words, if the same crime had been committed by a legal adult, the case
would have been considered in criminal court. Nonetheless, the
procedures in juvenile delinquency cases can differ sometimes
significantly from criminal cases.

Status offenses are violations that can only legally apply to minors.
For example, a minor could have skilled elementary, middle or high
school, could have run away from home, or could have used alcohol. It’s
impossible for a legal adult to be charged with a status offense.

The third and last kind is juvenile dependency cases, which are cases
of minors who committed their crimes because they have been neglected by
their parents. Even if the crime committed was on the scale of juvenile
delinquency, the case will still be considered juvenile dependency if
it was due to a problematic home. The judge will have to make the
decision as to whether or not the minor will have to be removed from
this environment.

The most common kinds of offenses that minors
perform are poor conduct, theft, drug abuse, and drinking alcohol. Many
of these are due to the fact that the minors were raised in a poor home,
and thus would fall under juvenile dependency cases. Most minors who
break the law are also male, but a recent trend has unfortunately found a
gradual increase in the number of female minors breaking the law.