Studio Apartments

COPRES Consortium for Professional Real Estate Solution has recently announced its ambitious project Purple Leaf in Noida Extension. Purple Leaf would comprise fully furnished studio apartments equipped with everything required for a comfortable living. Purple leaf is deemed to be an ideal choice for those looking for a second living space in the town or to pursue a hobby. Besides, these affordable apartments in the Delhi-NCR region are also an ideal choice for those who find it difficult to invest for a high-end apartment.

Purple Leaf has all ultra-modern and state-of-the-art facilities and amenities for an elegant lifestyle. Beyond the fully furnished apartment and stylish interiors, Vitrified tiles in drawing/dining and kitchen. Anti skid ceramic tiles in toilets and balcony. Laminated wooden flooring in bedroom. these luxurious studio apartments also boast of amenities like an 24X7 power back-up, exclusive clubhouse, swimming pool, a lush green landscape, facilities for outdoor games, shopping complex and other recreational arrangements. Located in the Noida Extension (Greater Noida), Purple Leaf gives the privilege of living in a pollution-free city with contemporary, efficient and comprehensive infrastructure in the proximity of the country’s capital city.

Speaking on the launch of Purple Leaf, Mr. Rajesh Goyal, CEO, COPRES said, At a time when the property in Delhi-NCR region has sky-scraping rates, we are happy to announce our project that offers affordable studio apartments in this region. We expect Purple Leaf to be well received by the people especially Corporates looking for living space for their guests, newly weds looking for a dream home and professionals like artists, writers, painters, engineers, architects, designers, thinkers and planners presenting them ideal privacy and environment to create quality work.

COPRES stands for Consortium for Professional Real Estate Solutions and is the worlds first of its kind knowledge based consortium. It offers efficient and effective solutions to the evolving needs of Indian as well as global real estate industry. Comprising a core team of professionals who have decades of experience of managing complex real estate projects and a vast network of Members of COPRES Consortium that are renowned organizations and individuals offering high quality support services to the real estate industry, COPRES offers effective services in the areas of Consulting, Project Management Advisory, Financial Consulting & Transactions, Marketing Solutions, Sales Management and Fund Mobilisation. A number of renowned real estate developers such as Land Craft developers, OMAXE, SHRI Group, Alliance Promoters etc. have already sought real estate solutions from COPRES. estate developers such as Land Craft developers, OMAXE, SHRI Group, Alliance Promoters etc. have already sought real estate solutions from COPRES.

Property or Paper Some Info On Real Estate Investing

Real Estate Investing in Parma>

Appraisals and inspections, marketing, renters, rehabs… it can all add up to a huge headache. But real estate investing is still exciting and lucrative. What to do? Consider investing in real estate-based financial instruments instead.

REITs (Real Estate Investment Trust)

One of the oldest modern forms is a REIT Real Estate Investment Trust. REITs are mutual funds that invest in real estate, actual property as well as mortgage portfolios. Like other securities opportunities, they sell on the major exchanges and are professionally managed, receive special tax considerations, and often have higher yields and greater liquidity than straight property investment.

There are Equity REITS which invest in and own properties. Revenues come primarily from rents. Mortgage REITs deal in investment and ownership of mortgages rather than property with revenue coming mainly from interest on the loans. Hybrid REITs do both.

Keep in mind, however, that REITs are closed-end mutual funds that have a specific number of shares for sale and once sold can’t be redeemed through the fund. They have to be bought and sold to other investors as you would corporate stock, through a broker.

REITs are required to pay out at least 90% of their taxable profits as dividends to shareholders, so they can be relatively high yield. In terms of total return dividends plus price appreciation they’re similar to small-cap stocks, with on average two-thirds of the return coming from dividends. They’re therefore sensitive to interest rate changes. As interest rates increase REIT prices tend to decline.

MBS (Mortgage-Backed Securities)

MBS are a type of bond in which the paper is backed by a pool of mortgage loans. In the U.S. lenders make about $2.8 trillion in such loans annually with about 80% being covered by mortgage-backed securities.

Investors in mortgage securities earn a coupon rate of interest, like other kinds of bonds. But in contrast to other bonds, they receive repayments of the principle in increments over the life of the security, as the underlying mortgage loans are paid off, rather than on one large payment at maturity.

One of the advantages, one which lends the security some stability, is the statistical effect of pooling loans. No single or small number of loans that pre-pay or default wipes out the investor’s entire investment.

But pre-payment of mortgages does occur for a certain percentage and that introduces some risk. The investor isn’t aware of or interested in which loans pre-pay, but the fact that some do causes them to be sensitive to interest rate changes, one of the major influences in pre-pay rate. If borrowers took mortgages at 8% and rates drop to 5% a certain number are going to re-finance, causing the original to pay off early.

So, if interest rates are likely to fall, it’s best to avoid pre-payable MBS. Closed MBS are, in that scenario, a better alternative.

There are specialized instruments like CMOs collateralized mortgage obligations and REMICs Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits with similar behavior and risks. ETFs Fixed Income Exchange-Traded Funds, too, sometimes are supported by underlying mortgage-backed securities and trade on the major stock exchanges. They’re designed to track the performance of specific bond indexes, which track performance of an underlying bond market, such as MBS.


You can even set up an individual IRA (Individual Retirement Account) that allows you to add assets in the form of raw land, single-family homes, apartments and other commercial buildings, rather than straight cash inputs. This allows you to take advantage of your knowledge of real estate, while avoiding some of the downside of actual property management.

Whichever instrument you choose, and there are many others, be sure to do your homework and get the advice of a financial professional before investing large amounts. The sharks can always smell fresh blood in the water.

There is a lot of free information available to you about buying, selling or investing inParma OHreal estate. For complete information about theParma OHreal estate market including current homes for sale, property values and more please visit the most complete website online dedicated to everythingParma OHreal estate. So please feel free to contact me with any of your mortgage questions and I will me more than glad to answer you queries. Call me on my cell at440-342-0269 email me at

Go green with eco-friendly green real estate

Buying a house is a very big decision and few things need to be considered before making an investment. People do so many things to make sure that they find the right accommodation for themselves; one has to be sure of what exactly you are looking for. Today, people are giving preference to environmental friendly houses. One has to do a careful study in order to make a sustainable choice to ensure a house that you will be proud of. Most important of all is to find a real estate agent who will help you in the entire procedure of finding a green design.

Now there are developers who are giving emphasis on creating designs that are eco-friendly they appoint architect who are proficient in designing interiors which will make use of natural resources. Best material is used to create these beautiful constructions and no material affects the environment be it the paint or the fitting. Maximum effort is made to create designs to make you live close to the nature, alternative sources of consuming natural resources are used and this is not only beneficial for the environment but also for the people living in the house. The biggest advantage of such houses is that they are very friendly to your pocket; you save so much on your electricity bill and make use of resources that are accessible constantly and for free. Instead of using high tech modern appliances for cooling and heating, solar panels, geothermal system or wind turbines are used. The houses are constructed intelligently that you can get all these installed once you finalize the house or some houses also come pre installed with these fittings. You can easily research on the resources and fittings that you would suit your budget, though it is a little expensive in the beginning but on the later stage it comes out to be very profitable and give you good returns. Technology have changed a lot, now small and compact devices are also available that you can choose depending upon the size of the house and a reliable plumbing company and help you make those fittings.

These days, different types of windows and roofings are available that can work as an insulator and keep your house warm in winter and vice versa. The builders are taking care of all such need and giving you houses that are pre installed with all these facilities but if you have already purchased a house and it is not environment friendly then also you can make few changed in the house and make it eco-friendly. You can begin with replacing your halogen bulbs with LEDs that are energy efficient or install low-flow showerhead. Investing in a green house is a beautiful investment; you only get the best housing accommodations but also do your bit for the nature as well. Save money and save earth by doing few changes to your house or deal with green real estate that can fulfill all your needs. Harji Realtors is one of the leading real estate agents in the region of Chandigarh, Mohali and Kharar. For more information on great deals in 1 BHK Flat in Mohali and the best Sunny Flats check out our website.

Dunedin Real Estate Your Dream Property Is Within Your Reach

Sometimes referred to as the southern gem, Dunedin is the South Islands second biggest city, characterised by a unique Scottish feel and architecture imposed on it during the time of New Zealands colonisation. Surround by beaches, forests and dramatic scenery, Dunedin is noted for its youthful and charismatic population being attracted by the educational and tertiary facilities contained within. With a population of just over 125,000, the city is one of the best preserved Victorian and Edwardian cities in the Southern Hemisphere. Becoming a desired location for students, families and businesses alike, the demand for Dunedin real estate is increasing at above average rates.

According to the latest Quotable Value New Zealand figures, southern Dunedin real estate figures have surged, recording the highest percentage increase in the country. The southern region extends from Waverley to Green Island, including the suburbs of St Kilda and St Clair. The figures illustrate that the area has experienced an increase in home values by 8.7% with an average sale price of $264,000. Likewise, Dunedin overall, showed a 4.9% increase in property values with the average sale price rising to over $276,000.

The increasing prices are a direct result of increasing demand. As many of the main centres in New Zealand are experiencing continued growth in house prices and valuations, Dunedin is presenting itself to many as an attractive option. With the average house price in New Zealand just a little under $410,000, properties in Dunedin represent real value in the marketplace where many families are struggling to find suitable and affordable housing options. According to Glenda Whitehead from QV Valuations, some of the increase in market activity in Dunedin is due to a rise in purchases by existing homeowners, who realise the benefits of purchasing prime real estate at well below national averages.

There are many advantages to purchasing Dunedin real estate, apart from the scenic and natural beauty that the city is surrounded by. With the security of tenure, you will be able to enjoy the cycle of the real estate market, accessing capital gain as the property naturally appreciates. If, like most kiwis, you enjoy a little do it yourself (DIY), then additional capital gains can be achieved through renovations. There is nothing like the sense of pride that comes with homeownership. The freedom and ability to personalise your property to suit your tastes and requirements has long been an aspiration of nearly all New Zealanders. However, with the current price hikes in property prices, renting is fast becoming a reality for many who cannot afford the deposit or repayments on their first home. However, Dunedin is offering the consumer real value and choice. Why not consider a move to a new place, where the people are friendly, the amenities are first class and most of all, your dream property is within your reach.

Check detailed info about Real Estate in Bangalore

The agreeable atmosphere of Bangalore averts the delicate maturity from the lashing hotness or icy waves. There are plentiful of green extends and water figures in Bangalore to give it a stylish look. Very few might realize that Bangalore keeps pace with the most recent IT advancements as well as keeping a scud the changing form patterns. MG Road and Brigade Road showcase the changing styles in style. The youthful IT experts therefore stay up to date with the most recent trendy extras, attire and style. The hot-and-incident society of the city has taken the real estate in Bangalore to new statures. Advancement of real estate in Bangalore

Bangalore has seen a stamped build on the amount of residential, retail and business lands. The rapid development of IT area has launched the populace figures in the city. An increment in populace has thusly sounded the cornet for more amazing accessibility of space for business, retail or residential reason. Confronting the mass request of reasonable lands, the legislature and private manufacturers are both prepared to lessen the shortfall. The area available to be purchased in the suburban areas of Bangalore has seen an extreme valuable modification as contrasted with the earlier days. Well in this regard the real estate in Bangalore got a real help when Nris began putting power in the real estate area of the city. y.

Get the best infrastructure

The flood of outside firms moving to India to create a base began with Real Estate Bangalore; the city welcomed multi-nationals from the IT area and prepared for different urban communities to stroll on the same lines. The cosmopolitan society of Bangalore helped the westerners to acclimate rapidly to the earth. Real estate in Bangalore is seeing both vertical and flat developments.

The whole city has residential flats and flats being produced in the accessible spaces. There are some extravagance condominiums being manufactured with wonderful civilities like pool, spa, Jacuzzi, exercise center and sports officials.

Notwithstanding the townhouses, Real Estate Bangalore has numerous high profile ultra extravagance villas with remote regulated access for family apparatuses. Planet class Malls are spotting the city line and the interest for office space has experienced a gigantic ascent.

Real estate industry in the city of Bangalore has miles to go. Eastern parts of the city, incorporating areas of K. r. Puram, Bannerghetta Road, Kanakpura Road, Marathahalli, J. p. Nagar, Sarjapur and Jayanagar have seen noteworthy advancement in the real estate part.

Author Bio

The author is associated with Empyrean, which is a leading provider of residential and commercial properties including houses, flats condominiums, lifestyle bungalows and various other types of commercial properties in the city.

Is Investing In Noida Property Worth

Delhi, the capital of India is one of the most happening places in India. It is a fact that about 85% of the people residing in Delhi is not from this place. Since, it is the capital of the country; it has become most populated one. And due to this issue, Sanjay Gandhi invented this NOIDA abbreviated as New Okhla Industrial Development Area during the emergency period of 1975 to 1977. This Noida is basically an industrial down. But, currently Noida is placed as 17th city in maintenance and cleanliness than the other Delhi branched cities like Gurgaon and NCR Ghaziabad.

Advantages in Investing the Properly in Noida

Noida is around 20 kilometers from Delhi, has is bounded with the Hindon and Yamuna river. It has shown a tremendous growth and is now equivalent to any IT cities. Also, every Media corporations are trying to find their place here. This is the major advantage of investing the property in Noida.

The second most advantage in investing in property at Noida is the ambiance. It has a greenery effect everywhere you look around which induces freshness. There is very minimal amount of pollution in this place and the concerning authorities are also strictly adhering it to protect the place, which indirectly contributes to the global warming.

The connection to the main city is also made easy with the metros and expressways. People also travel daily to the city from here.

When you go and invest a property in Noida, you can be sure that it is the favorite choice even for the commercial guys and retail companies, who are majorly from North India. Also, there are many world class hospitals and hotels present at the place. Global schoolings are also coming in the place which makes the people with a family to settle for the better. Some of the schools are the Amity International School, Apeejay School, Army Public School, Ramagya School, Ryan International, Cambridge School, and Somerville School. Also there are many universities in this areas such as JSS Technical University, Amity University, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, and Mahatma Gandhi Mission College of Engineering and Technology.

And for every income group of people in Noida, there are many elaborated shopping complexes are present. These shopping malls are stocked with all latest brands. Some of the major malls are Shopprix Mall, Center Stage Mall, The Great India Place, DLF Town Square Mall, and Spice Mall.

And some of the top companies of India such as Honda, Wipro, Escorts, Pepsi, Moser Baer, and Vectra have positioned them well in this region.

Due to all these advantages present in this place, the real estate has grown into a different level, and investing in them is the right way to do. The real estate contractors in this region offer first class construction and provide amenities like fitness center, amusement park, community halls, and green communitys park. This has raised the living standard of the people living here. Other facilities like wider roads, well drainage system, and underground cabling system.

Agricultural Land Property Purchasing In Bangalore Law Information

Before purchasing any sites especially agriculture land for non agriculture purpose approval under relevant laws viz. Karnataka Land Reforms Act, 1961, the Karnataka Land Revenue Act, 1964 along rules and other provisions of law is must. And Bangalore Metropolitan Regional development Authority (BMRDA) is regulating authority to approve layouts on outskirts of Bangalore.
Clear title and documentation are hard to come by with agricultural land of Bangalore (Karnataka). The following is a useful checklist of documents for review by a Bangalore law firm / lawyer before purchasing Agricultural land:
Mother deed and sale deed: It is very important document to trace the ownership of agriculture land. And it is basic document that shows how the property at the commencement was acquired there after there will be series of transactions such as sale gift law in Bangalore etc.

Akarbandi: Land topography sketch issued by State Revenue Authority viz. survey department. It establishes the survey number and to whom the particular survey number was originally allotted and the land / property revenue assessment details.

Encumbrance Certificate: Certificate from State Revenue Authority stating that there is no lien on the land / property (Has to be obtained for the last 30 years)

Family Tree of the vendor: State Revenue Authority document required to ascertain whether other family members have a stake in the property

Saguvali Chit: It is also called Grant Certificate. This is issued on Form No..VII in case of grant of Govt. land to the eligible persons for cultivation. This establishes title of the persons in the Saguvali Chit to the land granted.
Conversion Order: Conversion certificate has to be obtained for non agriculture purpose & that has to be checked to determine whether it is DC converted or not.
Khata and up to date Tax-paid receipts: Khata in Form MAR 19 (issued prior to 19. 05.2003) along up to date Tax-paid receipts.
Land Acquisition Status: Endorsements from State Revenue Authority certifying the Govt. acquisition status for the property for instance Notification by B.D.A. or KIADB for acquisition.

Mutation Extracts: History of changes in ownership (for 30 years) as documented in the Khatha Certificates issued by the State Revenue Authority. This is an extract from the mutation register maintained by the village property accountant.

NIL Tenancy Certificate/Form No.7 Endorsement: State Revenue Authority certification stating whether the land has any tenants. This issued by the Tasildar. This endorsement certifies that there no tenancy cases pending in respect of property in question as per the KLR act 1961.

Podi Extracts: Property partition document among siblings if any.

Property Tax Paid Receipt: Latest tax receipt validating that the property tax status is current.

RTC (Record of Rights) / Phani: This is primary record issued by the villager Accountant. It contains details of Survey number, total extent of land property, names of the owner including details as to conversion of land from agriculture to non- agriculture property. (has to be obtained for the last 30 years as per Bangalore law)
Section 79A & B endorsement U/KLR Act, 1961: These are issued by Tahsildar. These endorsement certifies that there no cases pending against the person owning the agriculture land / property.
Village Survey Map: Land location sketch
Patta Book: This book contains information regarding the payment of land revenue and other Govt. dues & information of cultivation. And also contains a copy of the record of rights to the land / property situated in Bangalore.
Tippani: This issued by the Survey Dept. It shows a sketch of the land as the records of the survey Dept.
Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP), Zonal Regulation Map and Survey Map. Apart from the above property should not come within the Green Belt Area.

Collecting Vintage Perfume Bottles The History of Perfume Bottles

Collecting Vintage Perfume Bottles: The History of Perfume Bottles

The History and Evolution of Perfume Bottles (courtesy of

Perfume Bottles in Ancient Times

The enticing scent of the perfect perfume and the eye-catching elegance of the bottle has been an important part of world culture since ancient times. The oldest known perfume bottles came from the Ancient Egyptians. They crafted containers made of stone and alabaster which kept the perfume cool, and prevented the liquid from leaking. The Ancient Egyptians also used clay pots that they sculpted into designs of people and animals.

Perfume was an important part of the Egyptians preparation of the dead. Many of these ancient perfume bottles have been found in tombs. Containers have been found made of wood with different compartments for each perfume.

Glass bottles were also a part of ancient perfume history. They date all the way back to the fifteenth century BC. Perfume bottles made of glass were lightweight, and also prevented the liquid from leaking. Eventually the glass bottles were created in a variety of colors.

Perfume bottles discovered in Palestine were made of glass, and were designed to have a narrow long neck. These delicate bottles were primarily found in tombs. Larger perfume bottles were also found in tombs because it was believed to mask the smell of the dead bodies.

The Ancient Greeks also made beautiful containers to hold their perfume. They hand painted vases which were often shaped as animals. They used lidded bowls for holding less expensive perfumes.

The Roman’s cherished their perfumes. They used hollowed-out precious stones to carry their most valuable fragrances.

Early European Perfume Bottles

Europeans used many different materials to store their precious perfumes. The most common materials that were used were glass, gold, silver, porcelain, semi-precious stones and shells. Perfume was commonly used in the form of incense. Some incense burners consisted of a container held from chains that was swung like a pendulum during Mass in the Christian Church. Stationary incense burners were also commonly used in Churches.

Some European perfume containers were designed to be worn. Semi-precious stones held perfumes and were pinned to clothing. Silver earrings were worn that contained perfume soaked fabric inside of them. Many containers were designed to be hung around the neck, from a belt, or from a finger ring.

Perfume bottles were handcrafted and designed by artists, jewelers and goldsmiths. Each bottle was gently crafted and designed to be worn, or displayed on a table.

Small wooden boxes were created to hold a sponge soaked with perfume. These boxes would fit inside a pocket and could be taken out and inhaled at any time.

Porcelain was used in the Thirteenth Century. Many highly decorative bottles were created. Boxes were created that included perfume and other essentials. Some boxes contained several bottles of perfumes, a funnel and a mixing dish.

Most fragrances during this time were first sold in inexpensive, plain bottles. Then the perfume was transferred into a fancy bottle at home.

Perfume Bottles of the Early 1800s and 1900s

The design of perfume bottles made a dramatic change in the late 1800’s. There was a great incline of the arts movement called Art Nouveau. Most Art Nouveau designs consisted of floral motifs, and were primarily used to design the perfume label and box, leaving the perfume bottles fairly traditional in styling.

Several famous pieces of this time were the Bouquet Nouveau, Royal Vaissier, and Cri du Coeur. The Bouquet Nouveau was a Roger & Gallet perfume. It had a square green-glass bottle with an unusual gilded brass casing. Royal Vaissier displayed magnificent Art Nouveau style paper motifs in the form of a fleur de lys designed by Baccarat. Cri du Coeur (Cry from the heart) was a Lorenzy-Palanca powder box. It had a woman-flower image which is a rare high-style Art Nouveau icon.

Belle Epoque was the preferred style for perfume presentations at this time. The style tended to be traditional, cluttered, very elegant and very French. Examples of perfume bottles of this style were Coronis by Monpelas and Roger & Gallet’s Gloire de Paris.

A new trend in perfume bottles was to create a bottle that looked like a luxurious crystal with an elaborate brass cap. The bottles had classic designs, and the brass caps matched the ornate gold labels and boxes. A few examples of this style were Rose Ispahan and Prince Igor by Riguard, Rose de Chiraz by F. Wolff & Sohn, Stylis by Delettrez, Eros by Richard Hudnut, Le Lilas by Riguard, and Mavis by Vivaudou.

During the 1910’s, there was a noticeable shift in the design of the traditional perfume bottle. The emergence of psychology and new perfume creations led to much more complex perfume bottles and names. The power of suggestion and dreams was having a huge effect on cultures in general, and perfumes were also affected. Perfumes were being marketed for specific times of day, seasons, and people.

Guerlain introduced the perfume “Voila pourquoi j’aimais Rosine” (That is why I loved Rosine). The bottle resembled a vase, and the stopper was concealed under silk flowers. The bottle shape was again used in Guerlain’s “Muguet” (Lily of the Valley). It was later re-introduced in all white with a white ribbon replacing the silk flowers. This presentation was an immediate success. Guerlain later introduced “Le Mouchoir de Monsieur” (The Gentleman’s Handkerchief) which had an innovative bottle with the shape of a triangle and a spiral motif on each side.

Rene Lalique was approached in 1906 by the perfumer Francois Coty to design the bottles for his perfumes. Coty was well established in the perfume industry and desired both beautiful and affordable bottles to hold his perfumes. Lalique was successful in fulfilling Coty’s wishes, and continued to design bottles for his future creations. His most famous designs include Au Coeur des Calices, L’Entrainement and Ambre Antique. He also designed bottles for other perfumers. Some of his most famous creations were developed for Houbigant, Roger et Gallet, D’Orsay, Forvil, and Arys and Molinard.

Other creative perfume bottles of this time were “Rediviva” (Revived) by La Compagnie Francais du Lysogene. It was shaped like a porcelain coffeepot, and the perfume was dispensed through the end of the spout. Illusion was presented by Dralle in 1908. It had a silver case shaped like a lighthouse, and the perfume bottle was held inside of the case.

The Oriental Movement in Paris began in 1910 by Paul Poiret, a famous French fashion designer. Pioret introduced an Oriental style in clothing, furnishings and perfumes. Women, who longed to wear the gowns he designed, but could not afford them, could still wear his perfume. For women who did wear his collections, the perfume was the final touch. Poiret developed a new perfume “Chez Pioret” with beautiful and innovative packaging. The bottle was made of clear glass with a colored glass stopper. It was decorated with gold tassels, and had a new label with a classic “R”. Pioret used his boxes as a tool for expressing the style of the fragrance.

Bichara Malhame was a very successful perfumer in Paris. His famous label on his perfumes portrayed himself seizing a mythological figure of Fortune by the hair. He also appeared on a Baccarat stopper wearing a wig, and appearing as an English judge.

Perfume Bottles of the 1920s

The 1920’s brought a new era to perfumes. After World War I, many American Soldiers brought perfumes back to the states from Paris. This greatly influenced the perfume market in the United States. The perfume industry expanded rapidly, and many new perfume companies emerged.

Many fashion designers expanded their merchandise by including perfume. Most of these designers knew very little about creating a good fragrance, but they did know about style. They understood the importance of the visual presentation, which became vital to the success of the perfume.

Mascarades were very popular at this time, and had a strong influence on perfume bottles. “Masque Rouge” was introduced in a very modern bottle, and the box had a red mask motif. “Mascarades” by Cherigan came in a black bottle with a golden face under a rain of gold dust. “Arlequinade” was a Rosine perfume which resembled a Harlequin costume. It had gilded and clear triangles on the bottle, and a dark-green Bakelite stopper in the form of Harlequin’s hat and an orange wood tassel.

“Bakanir” was introduced in 1927 by Honore Payan. The bottle was a simple geometric shape with a stopper resembling an exotic headdress. The box was covered with painted leather with a ceramic plaque. It was one of the most luxurious presentations for perfume.

Baccarat perfume bottles were designed using superior quality crystal. They designed bottles for most of the perfume companies during this time. Two of their famous perfume bottles were designed in 1927. “Silver Butterfly” by Delettrez was made of pink crystal with silver ornamentation. It was designed in the shape of a vertical hexagon with an abstract motif. “Astris” by L.T. Piver was shaped as a star, and featured a silver six-pointed motif.

One of the most famous perfumes, Chanel No 5, was released by Chanel in 1921. The perfume was revolutionary in scent and presentation. The bottle was a very simple design. The perfume was intended to make the masculine world available to women.

Perfume Bottles of the 1930s

With the stock market crash of 1929, and the depression that devastated the United States, the perfume market slowed down dramatically. There remained a more limited demand in Paris, and only the strongest companies such as Baccarat, Brosse and Lalique were able to continue. The bottles became less elaborate, tended to be conservative and were often machine made.

Perfume bottles during this time were less frequently inspired by nature, and more often reflected Hollywood movies and metropolitan cities. Lalique designed the presentation for “Je Reviens” by Worth. The bottle resembled New York skyscrapers. It was a tall ribbed bottle in dark-blue glass. The stopper was sky blue, and the box had a chrome surface. It was a very modern presentation.

Jean Patou released the perfume “Normandie” in 1935. It was inspired by the luxury ship the Normandie. All First Class Passengers on the ship’s maiden voyage were given a souvenir model of the Normandie. Inside the model of the ship was a crystal bottle of perfume.

Perfume Bottles of the 1940s

World War II caused another decrease in new perfume creations, as well as a decline in the quality of perfume presentations. After the war, the perfume industry was re-established, and many new perfumers emerged.

Christian Dior and Nina Ricci both presented works of art that strongly influenced the perfume industry. “Miss Dior” by Christian Dior was offered in an elegant clear crystal Baccarat bottle. Dior used a classic look that was elegant and luxurious. Nina Ricci was known for feminine and romantic creations. L’Air du Temps was released in 1948 and sold in a sunburst shaped bottle. The stopper was decorated with a dove. The lid of the box was lined with white silk and depicted a woman and a flying dove. The 1951 box was in the shape of a birdcage covered in yellow silk, and was illuminated by a battery.

Perfume Bottles of the 1950s Perfumes once again became inspired by romance in the 1950’s. Salvador Dali designed the bottle for “Monsieur Marquay” by Marquay. The bottle featured an elegant man with a top hat and bow tie. The box was simple white with Dali’s moustache and signature.

Christian Dior introduced “Diorissimo” in 1956. The special edition bottle was designed by Baccarat. The crystal bottle was in the form of an amphora, and the stopper had a magnificent flower bouquet in gilded bronze designed by Chrystiane Charles.

“Magie” was released by Lancome in 1950. Every Christmas a special edition was released. It was presented in a Baccarat spherical bottle with stars, and a box covered in leather or satin.

Modern Day Perfume Bottles

Pierre Dinand was the first perfume bottle designer to produce perfume bottles exclusively. Dinand designs bottles with a modern feel, and uses the bottle as an expression of the perfume. He has produced numerous bottles using state of the art plastics, and has transformed perfume bottles in the 1980’s and 1990’s.

Serge Mansau is another modern day perfume bottle designer. He prefers to focus his designs on nature’s beauty. His prize winning bottle for “Montana” was inspired by a maple seed. He has used flowers, stones and waterfalls as ideas for his bottle designs.

Jewelers have also entered the perfume business. Van Cleef & Arpels were the first jewelers to release a fragrance. Cartier followed An Cleef & Arpels with the bottle for Panthere in 1986. Tiffany, Bvlgari, Chopard and Boucheron have also launched fragrances.

Baccarat and Lalique continue to design the highest quality perfume bottles. Perfume bottle collecting has also become very popular. Most collectable perfume bottles come from French perfumes and date from the 19th and 20th centuries.

Modern day perfume bottles are expected to give the feel of the fragrance. The perfume bottle makes the first impression, and often helps the buyer decide if they want to add the fragrance to their personal collection.

Tips for Collecting Vintage Perfume Bottles

Always Keep an Eye out for opportunities to add to your collection! You never know where or when you could stumble upon the perfect bottle to add to your growing collection. Check out estate sales, garage sales, flea markets, antique stores, and specialty vintage perfume bottle websites online. You may even be able to find one or two in your own family, so ask around! What could be more special than a family heirloom perfume bottle in your collection? Decide how you want to collect your vintage perfume bottles. Do you want to only collect a certain brand? Or maybe you want to collect only perfume bottles manufactured during a certain time period? Creating a theme for your collection will make your collection as a whole more valuable and interesting. Do your research. It is good to know a little bit about what you are collecting before you start shopping! This way you will know if you happen to stumble upon a rare, unique find! Knowing a lot about your new hobby will also help you stay engaged. Books such as the Antique Trader Perfume Bottles Price Guide and The Wonderful World of Collecting Perfume Bottles, by Jane Flanagan are great resources for perfume bottle collectors. Don’t discard the mini bottles! When you are shopping for perfume bottles, snatch up the mini sizes of your favorite brands. Sometimes, these are rarer and are worth more than their larger counterparts! Check local events and conventions. You never know when a vintage perfume bottle convention could be coming to a town near you. These are great opportunities to learn more about perfume bottles and find some really great deals and unique bottles. Become a member of the IPBA. The International Perfume Bottle Association. Being a member of this association gives you access to exclusive newsletters and information about vintage perfume bottles. They also hold events each year, including a convention, conference, and perfume bottle auction.

Office Products Secrets How To Find The Right Filing Supplies

Finding the right office supplies for your office or home can be tricky. Today there are thousands of office products out there, and with so many choices, its as complicated as ever. No product category is as confusing as filing supplies. There are different sizes, different cuts, different colors, different materials, not to mention so many different brands. But well take the confusion out of it for you with some simple tips to help you easily find the filing supply product you need to stay organized.

The first thing to do is define the function for your filing supply. Is it simply to file away contents and place in a file drawer or your office desk for organization? If so, standard manila file folders are right for you. Do you have a ton of manila file folders and want to put them in a file cabinet and store away? Then, you need hanging file folders to hold all those file folders. These folders come with hangers that slide along storage file cabinet rails and have insert filing tabs so you can label the contents going into each hanging folder.

Do you have a bunch of documents that need to be jammed into one large file? Then box bottom folders are right for you. Do you have multiple categories to be filed, but want to keep things in one folder? Then six section classification folders are perfect. Those are the primary functional categories to consider.

The next thing to define is easy – size. Most filing supply items come in two sizes, letter size for 8-1/2 x 11 documents like standard copy paper, and legal size for 8-1/2 x 14 documents commonly used in the legal and real estate professions. Next is color. Used to be folders were in standard manila, or green colors, but not today. There are over 15 color choices from typical office supply retailers like Staples, Zuma Office Supply or Office Depot. Color coding your files is also great idea to help you quickly find items you need.

After size and color is the typical cut of the folder. Cut refers to how many tabs there are across the top of the folders going from left to right. For instance, a 1/3 cut file folder box will have folders with tabs in three different positions, one tab on the left, one in the middle and one on the right. A 1/5 cut file folder box will have tabs in five different positions. Tradition holds that 1/3 cut folders are preferred for standard file folders so the tabs are long enough for a long description. But 1/5 cut folders are preferred for hanging folders. Dont get stuck with traditionuse the cut that is right for your needs.

Lastly, and most important for classification folders, is do you want the folders to be top tab, or end tab. Top tab folders are what most people are familiar with. The filing tabs are on the long side, or horizontal side of the folder. End tab folders have tabs on the short side of the folder, or end of the folder. Typically youll find medical filing items in end tab formats for alpha coding multiple folders in a medical filing system. Smead folders tend to be the favorites in this area.

As to the best brands, many standard folders are basically the same, and most people look to the best value. Brands like Universal tend to be popular and very competitively priced. If quality is important, than brands like Smead, Esselte Pendaflex and Globe Weis are long standing brands known for solid quality.

A somewhat recent factor for consideration is recycled content if you are interested in buying green products, or items considered more friendly to our environment. Online office supplies companys like OfficeMax, Zuma Office Supply, Quill and others now have special categories or sections where consumers can find all earth friendly green products. The truth with filing supplies is good news. Most all file folders and hanging folders these days contain some recycled content. Research shows many folders today contain as much as 30% post consumer recycled material, and most all filing supplies contain a minimum of 10% post consumer recycled material. Thats good news for you and the environment.

So remember next time you are confused over the right filing supply for your needs – define the function, size, color, cut and tab position – and then its simply a matter of selecting the brand and price that is right for you.

Winter Golf On The Canary Islands

Only a few places in the world offer winter golfing as diverse as the Canary Islands. The Canaries are comprised of seven major islands, and five of them provide golfers a unique golfing experience. The volcanic landscape of the Canaries was formed by the Canary hotspot and decades of volcanic activity. This unusual landscape lends an air of off-world adventure in some areas of the islands.

Golfing on Gran Canaria

Gran Canaria is centrally located and home to the largest city of the Canary Islands: Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Gran Canaria is also home to at least five beautiful golf courses. Most of the golf courses on Gran Canaria include shops for rentals or purchases, driving ranges, instructors for those who wish to improve their game, restaurants and snack bars. The golf clubs of Gran Canaria are:

* Real Club de Golf Las Palmas: Inaugurated on December 17, 1891, Real Club de Golf Las Palmas is the oldest golf course in Spain. This par 71, 18-hole golf course includes one normal putting green and one floodlit putting green.

* El Cortijo Club de Campo: Designed by Blake Stirling and Marco Martin, this par 72, 18-hole course has quick greens and six lakes.

* Campo de Golf Maspalomas: Nature and beauty had everything to do with this par 73, 18-hole golf course designed by Mackenzie Ross.

* Salobre Golf & Resort: As one of the newest golf courses on the island, Salobre offers a par 71, 18-hole course.

* Anfi Tauro Golf: This par 3, 9-hole course offers a more relaxed atmosphere than its larger counterparts according to some of the Gran Canaria blogs

Golfing on Tenerife

Tenerife is the largest of the seven islands and situated to the west of Gran Canaria. It is home to the second largest city of the Canaries: Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Golf is one of Tenerife’s most popular sports, second only to water sports. Winter golfing is a growing sport in all of Tenerife’s golf courses. Mt. Teide, the tallest point in Spain, is located on Tenerife. Mt. Teide can be seen from all of Teneriffe’s golf courses, providing magnificent scenic opportunities.

Tenerife’s golf courses include:

* Amarilla Golf and Country Club: stunning par 72, 18-hole golf course designed by Donald Steel is a great combination of residential real estate and international-standard golfing.

* Golf Las Americas: This par 72, 18-hole golf course provides great views of Playa de Las Americas or the ocean from nearly every hole.

* Golf Costa Adeje: A natural ravine and three tee-off levels of varying heights provide a very unique golfing experience at Golf Costa Adeje.

* Golf Del Sur: The infamous golf battle between Ernie Els and Phil Mickelson during the Shell Wonderful World of Golf tournament took place at Golf Del Sur. Two golf driving distance records have also been set at this famous golf course.

* La Rosaleda Golf Club: La Rosaleda offers a relaxing atmosphere for beginners or those who simply wish to improve their short play. Experienced trainers are available to help golfers improve their swing.

* Golf Los Palos: Golf Los Palos is a par 27, 9-hole course that provides numerous water hazards. Although a relatively small course, it’s perfect for family outings and beginner golfers.

* Real Club de Golf Tenerife: The second oldest golf course in Spain is home to clearly visible hazards that help golfers learn to develop great golfing strategies.

Golfing on Fuerteventura

Fuerteventura is the second largest of the Canary Islands. Aside from the oldest history and longest beaches of the Canaries, Fuerteventura has one large 18-hole golf course. Fuerteventura Golf Club was designed by Juan Catarimeau. Catarimeau took great care in creating this course with an awareness of how the wind affects the outcome of every swing.

Golfing on Lanzarote

Although more golf courses are currently being planned, the primary course on Lanzarote is Golf Costa Teguise. This 18-hole golf course designed by John Harris and built in 1978 challenges beginners as well as expert golfers. The course is located at the base of an inactive volcano and surrounded by all natural flora.

Golfing on La Gomera

La Gomera is an adventure in itself. The island’s landscape is one of deep ravines and high cliffs. Islanders have developed a special way to communicate across the ravines by whistling. Tecina Golf course, designed by Donald Steel, is the island’s only golf course. Views of the sea and mountains are never obstructed by buildings, because there are no buildings on the golf course itself.